What is cholesterol?
Cholesterol is a soft, waxy substance found in all parts of the body. Your body needs a little bit of cholesterol to work properly. But too much cholesterol can clog your arteries and lead to heart disease.
Good and bad cholesterol
There are 2 kinds of cholesterol: High Density and Low Density. The "good cholesterol" in the form of lipoproteins that are harmless are quite beneficial because they allow the removal of excess cholesterol in cells. Then there is the bad cholesterol made of fat and protein. They carry cholesterol, triglycerides, and other fats, called lipids, in the blood to various parts of the body.
People with high LDL cholesterol level and / or a decreased of HDL cholesterol level are at more risk for coronary heart disease.
Do you know your cholesterol level?
In order to calculate your cholesterol, your doctor must order some blood tests (done on an empty stomach) * Total Cholesterol, HDL, LDL, *triglycerides reports
Any adult over 20 years should know their rates according to the recommendation of the NCEP (National Cholesterol Education Program)
If this rate is normal, one test every 5 years is enough.
Cholesterol levels LDL-cholesterol levels
< 200mg/dl ideal < 130 mg/dl perfect
between 200 and 239 limit between 130 and 159 limit
> 240 High > 160 High
Important: These values must be adjusted according to age, sex, and HDL cholesterol and triglycerides. The doctor can assess the Cholesterol levels to determine your risks.
How to reduce the cardiovascular risk?
Lower your cholesterol levels
* A 1% decrease in the rate of cholesterol reduces your risk of heart attack by 2%
* A 1% increase of HDL cholesterol reduces your risk of 3%
* Stop smoking
* Monitor your blood pressure
* Have an active lifestyle
* Reduce your excess weight.
10 recommendations to follow
1 Eliminate your risk factors as much as possible
2 Know your cholesterol level
3 Decrease your usage of tobacco
4 Exercise regularly
5 Vary your diet
6 keep an ideal weight
7 Reduce the fat
8 Eat vegetables and fruits
9 Beware of salt (sodium)
10 Moderate your intake of alcohol
Logbook - Level of LDL-cholesterol
This book allows you to track the progress you have made towards achieving the recommended values of LDL-cholesterol.
Record on the first line your current LDL-cholesterol and the space underneath the table, the target fixed by your doctor.
Whenever your LDL-cholesterol is measured by a blood test, enter the result and date.
In this logbook you will note the progress you have made since the beginning of your program. It would be good to continue to record your LDL-cholesterol, even after reaching your goal. You can then see if you faithfully follow your plan and maintain your cholesterol levels.
Special 15% discount on the lipidic profile test ..
To get this discount: you must tell the technician that you have read the article on the site and mention code :WEBMED1010